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From Major Leagues by David Pietrusza:

On January 5, 1915, the Federal League brought suit in
United States District Court for Northern Illinois against
Organized Baseball for violation of the Sherman Antitrust
Act. In part the suit was retaliation for rebuffs in the Walter
Johnson, Armando Marsans and Rube Marquard matters.

Seeking relief on 11 points, the Feds accused Organized
Baseball of being a conspiracy and a monopoly. The
defendants submitted a 47-page affidavit in their defense.

The Feds were coming before Judge Kenesaw Mountain
Landis, a jurist most widely known for his record-setting
$29,000,000 judgment against Standard Oil, but also an
avid baseball (particularly Cubs) fan. The plantiffs clearly
believed "trustbuster" Landis would serve their cause.

The Federals were represented by Edward E. Gates, the
American League by George W. Miller and the National by
George Wharton Pepper.

"I have gone just about far enough in this case," Landis
snapped at Gates. "The time has come when I should ask
you gentlemen just what you want me to do. . .. Do you want
me to stop the teams from going on spring training trips? Do
you want me to break up the clubs or what do you want me
to do?"

"Both sides," warned Landis,"must understand that any
blows at the thing called baseball would be regarded by this
court as a blow to a national institution."

"As far as I can see," said Gilmore, "there is nothing which
might drag matters over any extended period. We are ready
now, and there is no reason why the other side should want
any delay. The sooner this fight is over the better it will be for
the game.

Gilmore's assessment was incorrect. Landis, a true ball fan,
knew that if he rendered a decision based on the law it
would go against Organized Baseball. This he was not
prepared to do, and so he sat on the case for months.
The Feds Go to
Judge Landis