David Pietrusza's
Capital Region Baseball Timeline
Part II: 1900-1930
Baseball is truly the National Pastime, and
that means that it has touched each and every
region of the American nation, including our
own. Capital Region baseball has a rich history
in our viewing area, stretching back to the
earliest days of the game.
Use The Great Baseball Timeline to see if you
can find out more about baseball in your own
town or county. To learn about distinguished
black players in our area. Or to learn about
players who have overcome physical handicaps
to star on local diamonds.
Play ball!
1900 - George Davis replaces Buck Ewing as manager of the New York Giants.

- Heavyweight champion James J. Jefferies umpires at Schenectady; also puts on a 3-
round boxing exhibition (May 24).

- Deaf-mute Luther "Dummy" Taylor with Albany (NYS League)—10-8 in 18 games
before joining the New York Giants in mid-season. Albany's Chick Cargo (5'6", 148
pounds) leads New York State League with 469 at bats and 110 runs scored.

1900-01 - Johnny Evers plays for local team, the Cheer-Ups.

1901 - Bill Craver dies in Troy.

- Albany (70-41) wins NYS League pennant under manager Thomas O'Brien.

- Future major league catcher Earle Brucker born in Albany (May 6).

- Deaf-mute first baseman George "Dummy" Kihm (.293) with Troy (NYS League).

1902 - Albany wins second-straight NYS League pennant under manager Thomas
O'Brien. Albany's Curt Bernard's .323 leads league. Senators Bobby Cargo (94 runs
scored) and Sam Bernard (148 hits) also led league. Future major league outfielder Mike
Mitchell (108 games, .273) also with club.

- Johnny Evers plays for hometown Troy Trojans (.285, league-leading 10 homers) in
the New York State League. "Dummy" Kihm bats .331 in 78 games. Following the
season Evers is sold to the Chicago Cubs for $500 to replace injured second baseman
Bobby Lowe. When he joins the Cubs there are no uniforms small enough for him to

- Former major leaguer Lew Whistler (2 HR, .316) with Schenectady.

- JAGs (Johnstown-Amsterdam-Gloversville) rejoin NYS League—finish last.

- Cincinnati Reds are scheduled to play at Island Park but fail to arrive and disappoint
2,000 waiting fans.

- North Adams native Happy Jack Chesbro leads the National League with 28 wins.

1903 - Future Mohawk Giant catcher Buck Ewing born in Massillon, Ohio (January 31)

- Hudson, Kingston and Saugerties join the new Class D Hudson Valley League.
Kingston nips Hudson by 1.5 games for the pennant. Kingston's John Buttemar leads the
league with  a .316 average and 75 runs scored. Teammate A. Rice led league with 118
hits. Future major league catchers Henry Beckendorf (70 games, .257) and George
Gibson (32 games, .322) also with club.

- Ossining franchise in Hudson River League moves to Catskill, finishes last and disbands
at season's end. (July 24).

- Hudson and Poughkeepsie play a Hudson River League quadruple header; Hudson
wins all four games, 2-1, 6-4, 3-1 and 4-2 (September 20).

- Schenectady's Arthur Goodwin no-hits Binghamton 1-0.

- Two representatives of the Schenectady club, Nelson Hathaway and Edward Levi,
were arrested for selling tickets for the previous Sunday's NYS League game. The
arrests were made on complaint for the Schenectady Ministerial Association (May 31).

- Barnstorming Sioux Indians team plays Schenectady's NYS League team under
portable lights at Island Park; Schenectady wins 11-3 in 5 innings before 700 fans (June

- At Schenectady Hall of Fame umpire Bill Klem is struck by Troy catcher Danny
Coogan; Coogan is fined $5 and responds by throwing Klem's street clothes onto the
field (May 31).

- Umpire Bill Klem mobbed by fans in Troy (June).

- Schenectady wins NYS League pennant by 1 1/2 games over Troy. Schenectady's Del
Mason 24 wins and .774 won-lost percentage lead the league. Troy's A. J. Marshall
leads the league with 8 homers and 90 runs scored. Troy also features future major
leaguer George "Hooks" Wiltse.

- Philmont-native Claude Rossman leads the Class D Connecticut League with a .385
average and 159 hits while playing for Holyoke.

- Albany-native Ed Phelps plays in the first modern World Series.

- H. O. Ramsey of Kingston takes his club to Cuba for the winter (December 24).

1904 - Future AL pitcher John Milligan born in Schuylerville (January 22).

- The first machine to wind baseballs is used at Jacob DeBeer's Johnstown factory.

- Future major league catcher Henry Beckendorf with Kingston (74 games, .261).

- Albany native Charles Martin Conlon, now living in New York, begins his
photographic career.

- Future major league pitcher George Bell with JAGs.

- Schenectady franchise folds on July 4; moves to Scranton.

- North Adams native Happy Jack Chesbro leads the AL with 41 wins.

- Future major league second baseman Amby McConnell (121 games, .318) with Troy.

1905 - Troy pitcher Alexander Hardy is shot in Troy, by Charles Thero of Danbury, Ct.,
a jealous husband (July 3).

- JAGs (72-50) win NYS League pennant. Club features future major league pitcher
George Bell.

- Troy's Art DeGroff leads New York State League with 85 runs scored.

- Future major league catcher Henry Beckendorf (70 games, .252) with Kingston.

- Hudson (68-50) wins Hudson River League pennant. Hudson's Mike O'Malley leads
league with 144 hits.

- Saugerties' Hudson River League franchise moves to Pittsfield on July 1—Pittsfield's
only season in the Hudson River League.

- Albany-native Cy Seymour of the Cincinnati Reds leads NL with 219 hits, 40 doubles,
21 triples, a .377 average and a .559 slugging average.

- Albany native John Duffy leads the Southern Association with 44 stolen bases.

1906 - Glens Falls has only season in the Hudson River League; finishes last (43-62, 18
games back).

- Kingston's John Connors leads the Hudson River League with a .343 average and 124
hits. Former major leaguer Jay Kirke (22 games, 0 HR, .319) begins pro career that will
continue until 1935.

- JAG's Frank Hafford leads the New York State League with 86 runs scored.

- Troy's Art DeGroff leads the New York State League with 160 hits.

- Future major league outfielder Joe Birmingham (117 games, .303) with JAGs.

1907 - Kingston's Hudson Valley League team disbands on June 1; League disbands on
June 18, ending Hudson franchise. Jay Kirke (16 games, 0 HR, .410) with

- Cuban Giants visit Schenectady, defeat the Jeffersonian and Locomotive ball clubs

- Troy's Art DeGroff leads the New York State League with 151 hits.

-  Albany (79-50) under manager Michael Doherty and featuring future major leaguer
William J. Ingerton wins NYS League pennant.

- Philmont native Claude Rossman rooms with Ty Cobb and plays in first of two
consecutive World Series.

1908 - Last-place JAGs leave NYS League—move to Elmira in mid-season.

- Troy's Gene Goode leads the NYS League with 153 hits and a .305 average. Pete
Eagan ends pro career with Troy—had begun it in 1890 in same city.

- Albany's Jim Tamset leads the NYS League with 88 runs scored. Future major
leaguers Jim Walsh (5 HR, .202) and William Ingerton (.202) also with club.

- Two all-black teams, the Mohawk Giants and the Asphalt Giants, form in Schenectady.

- Troy-native Johnny Evers alertly forces New York Giants baserunner Fred Merkle out
in the "Merkle Bonehead Play" one of the most famous plays in baseball history
(September 23).

- Albany native Cy Seymour refused to play farther back in center field in deciding game
of season versus the Cubs; loses pennant for the New York Giants.

1909 - The Kingston Colonial Kolts join the Eastern Association; disband after season's

- Albany outfielder Bill Kay's .351 average and 185 hits lead the NYS League. William
Ingerton (.217) also with club.

- Northampton joins the Connecticut League, finishes seventh (54-68); William
McCormick leads league with 95 runs scored.

c. 1910 - John H. Grady & George Howell of Johnstown establish baseball factory at
rear of 139 Jay Street in Schenectady.

1910 - Albany's Bill Kay again leads the NYS League in batting, with a .363 average.

- Negro League star southpaw Edsall Walker born at 264 West Bridge Street, Catskill
(Sept. 15).

1911 - Troy's Larry Schafly leads the NYS League in batting with a .344 average.

- Albany's Chick Hartley's 173 hits leads the NYS League. Bill Kay bats .337.

- Albany-native Mel Wolfgang leads the Class B New England League with 27 wins and
a .844 won-lost percentage for Lowell.

- Albany first baseman Arthur Brown (26) dies in an Albany hospital; had been shot four
times by New Orleans actor and theatrical manager John V. McStea who claimed to
have seen his wife in Brown's apartment.

1912 - Future A's pitcher Marc Filley born in Troy (February 28).

- John V. McStea acquitted by an Albany jury.

- Former Washington Senator Bill Kay again with Albany.

- GE employee Bill Wernecke re-organizes Mohawk Colored Giants (May).

- Future major league pitcher Al Sothoron with Troy. Albany-native John Pappalau is 18-
6 in 33 games.

- The black Smart Set team of New York City is defeated in Schenectady by the
General Electric team before "the largest crowd that has assembled in many years to
witness the popular sport" (June).

1913 - Schenectady's Mohawk Colored Giants feature such black stars as pitchers
Frank "The Red Ant" Wickware, Dizzy Dismukes, Smoky Joe Williams, and George
"The Georgia Rabbit" Ball; pitcher-catcher Harry Buckner; catchers Chappie Johnson,
Speck Webster, and Big Bill Smith; first basemen Pete Booker and LeRoy Grant;
manager-utility player Phil Bradley; third basemen Jesse Braggs and Johnny Pugh; and
outfielders Jude Gans, Blainey Hall, Ashby Dunbar and Smokey Edwards.

- Former major league righthander John Pappalau with Troy.

- Bud Fowler dies at Frankfort, NY (February 26).

- Grady & Howell relocate their baseball manufactory to Mount Pleasant in
Schenectady. "The location proved ideal, for soon the district commenced to build up
with homes from which female help was employed." Eventually balls were made for the
Pacific Coast League and the American Association among other circuits.

- Pittsfield Electrics join Eastern Association, finish 7th (62-73). Pittsfield's W.I. Smith
leads EA with 175 strikeouts.

- Kingston Colonials (45-46) join the Class D New York-New Jersey League; disband
with rest of league at season's end.

- Mohawk Colored Giants' Frank Wickware calls in outfielders and strikes out last
batter in game.

- Chicago Cubs refuse to play against Frank Wickware in exhibition game at Rutland,
Vt. (August).

- Walter Johnson defeated 1-0 by Mohawk Colored Giants' Frank Wickware (October

- Former Washington Senator Bill Kay bats .316 for Albany.

- Former major leaguer George Davis named baseball coach at Amherst.

1914 - Mohawk Giants move to new "Mohawk Park" at end of Broadway trolley line;
"Big Bill" Smith becomes owner.

- In Albany the black semi-pro Hudson Giants form.

- Crescent Park (later Mohawk Mills Park and Shuttleworth Park) opens in Amsterdam
as part of an amusement park. First game pits the Philadelphia Colored Giants against
the local Empires (May 31).

- Future major league pitcher Jimmy Ring with Albany. Albany-native John Pappalau (3-
3) finishes pro career with club.

- Sixth-place Pittsfield (60-63) drops out of Eastern Association. Robert Troy leads EA
with 212 strikeouts. Pittsfield's Robert Troy leads league with 212 strikeouts.

- Troy native Johnny Evers wins the NL Chalmers Award, predecessor of the NL Most
Valuable Player Award.

1915-17 - One of minor league baseball's most flamboyant umpires "Steamboat" Johnson,
serves in the NYS League. In one game in Troy, the local catcher hits Johnson over the
head with his mask. After the contest local fans pelt the umpire with coal.

1915 - Troy's Jess Buckles leads the New York State League with 158 strikeouts.

- Major league righthander Bill Jacobs (10-16) with Albany

- Collapse of second version of Mohawk Colored Giants (May). Team reorganized in
July as Lawyer's Colored Stars  by third baseman Floyd Lawyer and pitcher Ezra
Lawyer (July).

- Collapse of Albany's Hudson Giants (July).

- John Payne's Colored All-Stars replace the Hudson Giants.

1916 - Jacob DeBeer moves from Johnstown to 1032 Broadway in Albany; His son
Frederick DeBeers joins him in the business.

- John Payne's Colored All-Stars become the Albany Colored All-Stars under white
entrepreneur Freddie Dunn; Dunn resigns in July ("There is too much friendship on the
team for it to make a good showing. Then again the players are not living up to the share
and share alike of the guarentee, as three and four friends of the captain have been given
more than others.") and is replaced by black John H. Bronk in July. Team disbands at
season's end.

- Troy leaves NYS League and will not return to Organized Baseball until 2002. Albany
franchise transfers to Reading on August 22.

- Former National League President Nick Young dies (October 31) in Washington, D.C.

1918 - Future A's outfielder Austin Knickerbocker born in Bangall, NY (October 15).

1919 - North Street tobacconist Phil Wilkinson leads a group which purchases the
Eastern League's New London Planters and moves them to Pittsfield. In their first year
the Hillies under former JAGS and Cleveland outfielder Joe Birmingham  win the pennant
Starting on July 7 pitcher Gary Fortune begins of string of 24 straight  Eastern League
wins, including 16 in 1919. On August 29 he wins both ends of a doubleheader against
New Haven, winning 1-0 and 3-0. Fortune leads the EL with 24 wins and 182 strikeouts.
Because of flooding from the Housatonic River, the Hillies open the season at the
Common, but move in mid-season to new Wahconah Park.
Future major leaguers second baseman Cliff Brady and catcher Mickey Devine (an
Albany native) and former St. Louis Brown John Tillman also with Pittsfield.

- Baseball diamond and grandstand constructed at Watervliet Arsenal—games at site
will continue through late 1920s.

1920 - Providence Eastern League franchise moves to Albany early in the season, finishes
seventh. Future major league righthander Leon Mangum (8-11, 2.93) begins pro career
with club.

- Former St. Louis Brown John Tillman  (12-8, 3.16) with Pittsfield.

- John H. Bronk organizes the Colored Mohawk Giants of Albany—will last under a
variety of names until 1927.

- Future major leaguer Gene Hermanski born in Pittsfield (May 11).

1921 - Brooklyn Robins (Dodgers) visit Schenectady's Columbus Park (Island Park),
playing the local Knights of Columbus.

- Pittsfield (.609) wins second and last Eastern League pennant under playing-manager
Walter Hammond (an Amsterdam native), who leads the league with a .341 average.
Teammate Colonel Snover paces league with 25 wins. Former St. Louis Brown John
Tillman (16-10, 2.74) with club. Albany finishes last (.347).

- Lou Gehrig makes his pro debut for the Eastern League's Hartford Senators—goes 0-
for-3 against Pittsfield (June 3).

- Albany loses to the Worcester Boosters 26-2. The Senators allow 27 hits, surrender
12 runs in the 4th inning. Worcester's Gabby Hartnett goes 6-for-6.

- Semi-pro Kingston Colonials formed.

- Future major league catcher Ebba St. Claire born in Whitehall (August 5).

c. 1922 - Cincinnati Reds visit Gloversville's Parkhurst Field for an exhibition.

1922 - Former St. Louis Brown John Tillman (16-15, 3.10) with Pittsfield.

1923 - Future major leaguer Earl Webb (1 HR, .323) with Pittsfield; former St. Louis
Brown John Tillman also with club.

- Johnny Evers opens a sporting goods store in Albany.

- Philadelphia Phillies and the Kingston Colonials play to a 4-4 ten-inning tie (September

1924 - Future Boston Brave Steve Kuczek born in Amsterdam (November 28)

- Future major leaguers Earl Webb (14 HR and .343 and leads EL with 42 doubles) and
Mule Haas (97 games, 6 HR, .299)with Pittsfield. Also with club: "The Rabbi of Swat"
Moses Solomon, the NY Giants' failed Jewish answer to Babe Ruth. On July 11 "Somon
Day" was held in Albany. Solomon, a new father, was presented with a baby carriage.

- At Pittsfield's Wahconah Park Lou Gehrig, then with the Hartford Senators, homers to
right into the Housatonic River.

- Kingston Colonials lose 2-0 to Pittsburgh Pirates in 10 innings (June 5).

- Future ML pitcher Ernie Johnson born in Brattleboro, Vt. (June 16)

- Kingston Colonials defeat Boston Braves 3-2 (August 8).

- Kingston Colonials' Bud Colloton loses to Brooklyn's Burleigh Grimes 2-1  in ten
innings as Brooklyn scores two unearned runs (October 1).

- "Chappie Johnson's Stars" relocate from Philadelphia to Schenectady (May)—will re-
locate to Amsterdam in July. Club features Buck Ewing and Frank Wickware.

1925 - The last-place Pittsfield Hillies (EL) attempt to raffle off a house—gross
$15,252.51—but scheme is ruled illegal. Refunds granted but team still nets $10,941.92.

- Kingston Colonials lose 5-4 to Brooklyn on a three-run homer by Cotton Tierney (July

- Kingston Colonials defeat Brooklyn 4-2 after trailing 2-0 going into the bottom of the
ninth (September 9).

- Chappie Johnson's All-Star shift their home base to Saratoga.

- Future major league catcher Shanty Hogan and pitcher Spike Van Alstyne (a
Stuyvesant native) with the 7th-place Albany Senators.

1926 - Moses Solomon (.301) with 5th-place Albany.

- Kingston Colonials  defeat the St. Louis Cardinals  4-3  on a 10th inning homer by
Sandy Phelps. Art Smith gets the decision over Wild Bill Hallahan, who fanned 11.
Rogers Hornsby played 6 innings and doubled (June 13).

- Kingston Colonials lose 5-4 to  the Pittsburgh Pirates' Herman Bell. (August 8).

1927 - Albany wins EL pennant under manager Bill McCorry; outfielder Moses Solomon
(7 HR, 91 RBI, .268) leads EL with 43 doubles; Harold Yordy leads EL with 22
homers; veteran minor league righthander Earl Johnson (23-10, 2.90) leads EL in wins,
beginning a string of three 20-win seasons; John Hopkins leads EL with 161 strikeouts.

- Third place Pittsfield's center fielder Dennis Sothern is beaned in mid-season and
spends several days in a coma. He comes back to lead the EL with 117 runs scored.
Leftfielder Charlie Bates leads the EL in doubles.

- St. Louis Cardinals defeat the Kingston Colonials 8-4 on Herman Bell's 7-hitter. Jim
Bottomley of the Cards collects a double and two singles (May 22).

- The Cincinnati Reds play the Schenectady Police Department team at General Electric
Athletic Association Field (G.E.A.A.) Field (July).

- The Kingston Colonials, in their final season, defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-1. Former
Pirate Bill Culloton pitched an 8-hitter for Kingston, plus collected a single and double.
Kiki Cuyler singled, doubled and homered (July 10).

- Future major league pitcher Roger Bowman born at Amsterdam, NY (August 18).

1928 - Former major leaguer Claude Rossman (a roommate of both Ty Cobb and Rube
Waddell) dies in Poughkeepsie (January 16).

- Future major league relief ace Elroy Face born in Stephentown, NY (April 16).

- Hawkins Stadium opens (April 18)—built at cost of $240,000 on site of old
Chadwick Park; still named Chadwick Park.

- Albany Negro Giants under manager Frank Simpson form at Van Woert Street Field.

- The Boston Braves play the Schenectady Police Department team at Union College's
Alexander Field. The game is called after 7 innings because fans refuse to give back foul
balls and the clubs had run out of baseballs (June 28).

- New York Yankees featuring Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig defeat the Albany Senators
4-3 before 10,034 fans. Ruth plays the entire game. (August 18).

- Philadelphia A's visit Albany; second-to-last game ever for Ty Cobb (September 13).
Albany wins 10-6 as Cobb collects two singles in five at bats.

- Albany's Sammy Byrd leads the EL with 120 runs scoredF—bats. 371 in 130 games;
teammate Earl Johnson paces the EL with 21 victories. Future major league righthander
Kewpie Dick Barrett (playing under name of Richard Oliver) (0-0, 12.00) with Albany

- Brooklyn Dodgers visit Scotia's Collins Park and play a local nine (September).

- Stuyvesant-native Spike Van Alstyne, a pitcher, homers as a pinch hitter in his final
major league plate appearance.

1929 - Future member of the Basketball Hall of Fame Benny Borgmann (1 HR, 54 RBI, .
264) plays third and short with Pittsfield of Eastern League.

- Chadwick Park renamed Hawkins Stadium.

- Albany wins EL pennant under Bill McCorry. Future relief great John "Grandma"
Murphy (8-4, 3.26) and Kewpie Dick Barrett (3-2, 3.48) with Albany. Moses Solomon
hits .307 in 41 games. Teammate John Gill leads EL with 150 runs scored and 232 hits.

- New York Yankees play the Albany Senators at Hawkins Stadium before 7,000 fans.
Babe Ruth hits three homers in batting practice. In the third inning Ruth hits longest
homer ever in the city's history. Ruth plays first base. Lou Gehrig plays left field. (August

- Future chief executive officer of USA Baseball Richard Case born in Amsterdam, NY.

1930 - Future major leaguers Bill Werber (0 HR, 2 RBI, .286) and Chink Outen (1 HR,
11 RBI, .329) with Albany.

- Last place Pittsfield withdraws from the Eastern League on July 1. Benny Borgmann (0
HR, 29 RBI, .292) and former White Sox outfielder Maurice Archdeacon (1 HR, 6
RBI, .273) with club.

- Albany Twilight League founded.

- New York Yankees play Albany Senators at Hawkins Stadium before 3,881 under
rainy skies. Babe Ruth homers twice. Before the game Ruth visits the LaSalle School and
the Albany Orphan Asylum. (June 18).
Capital Region Baseball Timeline:
Hawkins Stadium, Albany, New York
Lou Gehrig, Johnny Evers, and Babe Ruth at Albany's Hawkins Stadium
Lou Gehrig, Johnny Evers,
and Babe Ruth at Albany's
Hawkins Stadium in
August 1928