From the Award-Winning Author of 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents
1960--LBJ vs JFK vs Nixon
1960--LBJ vs JFK vs Nixon: The Epic Campaign that Forged Three Presidencies
1960 Election

November 25, 1956 – JFK decides to run.

December 1956 – JFK hires first black staffer.

June 13, 1957 – Nixon and Martin Luther King confer in
Accra, Ghana.

July 2 1957 – JFK’s Algeria speech.

August 3, 1957 – Death of Jackie’s father, “Black Jack”

November 27, 1957 – Caroline Kennedy born.

July 11, 1958 - Leonard Kater photographs JFK leaving
Pamela Turnure’s apartment at 1 P.M.

December 2, 1957 – JFK appears on cover of  Time for
first time, courtesy of a $75,000 Joe Kennedy payment.

October 24, 1958 – Frank Sinatra publicly endorses JFK
for president.

November 7, 1958 – Len Hall urges Nixon to decide.

December 19, 1958 – Lou Harris hired as Kennedy
pollster for 1960—for a $100,000 guarantee.

January 1, 1959 – Fidel Castro seizes power in Cuba.

January 7, 1959 – Eisenhower recognizes the new Castro

January 1959 – JFK approaches William Proxmire aide
Jerry Bruno about running his Wisconsin campaign.

February 27, 1959 – Alabama Governor Patterson
breakfasts at the JFK home.

April 1, 1959 – First formal JFK campaign strategy
meeting, at his Palm Beach home.

April 19, 1959 – Castro meets with Richard Nixon in

May 1959 – Florence Kater writes to 50 editors, etc.
regarding JFK’s affair with her tenant, Pamela Turnure.

June 1959 – Jerry Bruno quits Proxmire’s office, returns to
Wisconsin, working full-time for Kennedy.

June 1959 – Alabama Governor John Patterson endorses

July 14, 1959 – Minnesota’s Senator Eugene McCarthy
and Governor Orville Freeman announce Hubert Humphrey’
s candidacy for the presidency.

July 22, 1959 – Gallup poll reveals a Stevenson-Kennedy
ticket would beat a Nixon-Rockefeller slate by 53-42% with
5% undecided.

September 1, 1959 – Pierre Salinger joins JFK campaign

September 10, 1957 – RFK resigns from the McClellan

September 1959 – Joe Kennedy calls former Notre Dame
University President Father John Cavanaugh regarding
Harris Wofford joining the Kennedy campaign.

October 1959 – Sam Rayburn announces creation of a
Johnson for President Committee.

October 28, 1959 – Meeting at RFK’s Hyannis Port home
to discuss campaign.

November 14, 1959 – JFK writes in TV Guide re: role of
television in politics.

December 22, 1959 – Wayne Morse enters Oregon

December 26, 1959 – New York Governor Nelson A.
Rockefeller withdraws from the race.

December 30, 1959 – Minnesota Senator Hubert H.
Humphrey formally announces his candidacy for the
Democratic presidential nomination.

January 2, 1960 – John F. Kennedy announces his
candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

January 4 – National steel strike ends.

January 5 – Ohio Governor Michael V. DiSalle endorses

January 9 – Mark Hatfield announces Nixon will enter
Oregon primary; John Bricker announces Nixon will enter
Ohio primary.

January 9 – Richard M. Nixon announces his candidacy
for the presidency.

January 11 – Wayne Morse announces his presidential

January 13 – At a press conference Ike declines to
endorse Nixon.

January 14 – JFK addresses the National Press Club.

January 16 – Stevenson calls on Soviet Embassy in

January 18 – Morse denies he is a stalking horse for

January 19 – Nixon completes filing for New Hampshire

January 19 – Clennon King announces for Presidency in
Miami Beach.

January 19 – Nixon and Joseph P. Kennedy meet by
accident on Manhattan’s East 50th Street and engage in
brief conversation.

January 19 – California Governor Edmund G. “Pat” Brown
announces for the presidency.

January 21 – Kennedy (with Jackie), in Milwaukee,
announces plans to enter Wisconsin and Nebraska

January 23 – Democrat National Committee hosts a
"presidential campaign kick-off dinner” in Washington.

January 25 – JFK addresses the National Press Club.

January 27 – Rockefeller addresses “Dinner with Ike” in
DC, avoids mentioning Nixon.

January 29 – Rockefeller formally withdraws from Illinois

January 30 – New Hampshire Secretary of State removes
TV cowboy singer Elton Britt and Lar Daly of Chicago from
his state’s Democratic primary ballot; leaves JFK and
Chicago pen manufacturer Paul Fisher.

January 31 – Reports circulate that Ike will issue no
endorsement until the summer.

February – Harper & Brothers publishes Robert F.
Kennedy’s The Enemy Within.

February 1, 1960 – Sit-in movement launched at a
Greensboro, North Carolina Woolworth’s lunch counter.

February 3 – At a press conference Ike again refuses to
endorse Nixon, says he will wait until the July convention.

February 7 – At Palm Springs Sands Hotel, Frank Sinatra
introduces Judith Campbell (Exner) to JFK.

February 7 – Martin Luther King preaches first sermon at
Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church.

February 8 – Judith Campbell (Exner) joins JFK for lunch.

February 9 – Stevenson leaves on two-month of South and
Central America.

February 12 – In New York, Kentucky Senator Thruston
Morton (RNC National Chairman) suggests a Nixon-
Rockefeller ticket.

February 13 – LBJ’s name booed at convention of
California Democratic Council.

February 17 – Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. arrested for

February 27 – Stevenson elected to Mettawa, Illinois
village board.

February 27 – Daughter Kara born to Ted and Joan

February 29 – M. L. King arraigned in Montgomery.

February 29 – Greenback Party announces nomination of
Ms. Whitney Harp Slocomb of Los Angeles and Edward K.
Meador of Boston.

March 7 – JFK and Judith Campbell (Exner) consummate
their affair at New York’s Plaza Hotel.

March 8 – Kennedy and Nixon win New Hampshire

March 10 – National States Rights Party Convention, held
in Miamisburg, Ohio, nominates Orval Faubus and John G.

March 12 – Eisenhower indirectly endorses Nixon at
Gridiron Club Dinner.

March 15 – In Albany, Rockefeller says he will support the
nominee but still refuses to endorse Nixon.

March 16 – Eisenhower formally endorses Nixon at news

March 17 - Eisenhower approves “A Program of Covert
Action Against the Castro Regime”

March 17 - Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson says
he supports Nixon only because he has no other choice.

March 23 – J. Edgar Hoover receives a memo detailing
the JFK-Judith Campbell meeting in Las Vegas.

March 24 – Senator Stuart Symington announces his
presidential candidacy.

March – Barry Goldwater publishes The Conscience of a

March – New Bedford Standard-Times proposes
Goldwater for the national ticket.

March 25 – Sinatra charges Maltz critics are hitting “below
the belt” at JFK.

March 26 – Goldwater addresses the South Carolina
Republican State Committee.

March 27 – On NBC’s Meet the Press Thomas E. Dewey
announces that a Nixon-Rockefeller ticket would be

March 31 – Gore Vidal’s “The Best Man” opens on

April 5 – Kennedy defeats Humphrey in Wisconsin primary.

April 5 – Nixon, unopposed, wins Wisconsin primary.

April 6 – JFK brings Exner to his Georgetown home.

April 7 – In Jamestown, New York, Rockefeller refuses to
rule out a run, rules out second-place.

April 8 – Bobby Baker informs JFK of Hollywood blackmail

April 11– David Garth opens Stevenson for President
Committee in New York City.

April 11 – Stevenson press conference in NYC.

April 11 – JFK has memo on blackmail plot sealed and
given to Evelyn Lincoln.

April 12 – Kennedy (64.57%) defeats Stevenson (15.1%),
Symington (10.80%), Humphrey (8.06%), and Johnson
(0.83%) in Illinois primary.

April 12 – JFK meets with Sam Giancana at the

April 13 – Denver Post advocates drafting Rockefeller.

April 14 – Rockefeller announces he make four out-of-state
trips in the coming weeks including campaigning in a
Pennsylvania Congressional special election and the North
Dakota special United States Senate election, to the
University of Chicago and to the Philadelphia World Affairs

April 18 – At Cornell, in Ithaca, NY Harry Truman says
Communists are behind recent Southern sit-ins.

April 19 – JFK, Stevenson, Nixon, and Rockefeller
participate in Dore Schary’s NBC “Startime” episode on

April 19 – New Jersey primary.

April 20 – Rockefeller campaigns in Pennsylvania special
congressional election.

April 22 – Congress passes first civil rights bill in 85 years.

April 22 – Rockefeller addresses World Affairs Council in

April 23 – Jackie Robinson pickets a Cleveland chain

April 26 – Kennedy (71.29%) defeats Stevenson (11.55%)
in the Pennsylvania Democratic primary; Nixon outpolls
Humphrey, Symington, and Johnson.

April 26 – Nixon receives 98.15% of the vote in the
Pennsylvania Republican primary.

April 26 – Maine primary.

April 26- Kennedy takes 92.38% of the vote in the
Massachusetts primary.

April 26 – Nixon (85.96%) defeats Rockefeller (6.58%) in
the Massachusetts primary.

April 27 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. in West Virginia
questions Humphrey’s draft status in World War II

May 1 – Nixon leaks that Rockefeller is his personal choice
for vice-president; Rockefeller publicly expresses

May 3 – Kennedy defeats two nonentities in the Indiana

May 3 – Nixon wins Indiana primary.

May 3 – Kennedy and Nixon win the Ohio primary.

May 3 – Humphrey defeats Morse in District of Columbia
primary (57.35%-42.65%).

May 3 – Nixon and Senator George Smathers (both
unopposed) win the Florida primary.

May 4 – Florence Kater confronts JFK in Maryland
regarding his affair with Pamela Turnure.

May 4 – Humphrey and JFK debate in West Virginia.

May 4 – Martin Luther King arrested for driving with expired
plates and an Alabama license.

May 5 – The USSR announces it has shot down a US spy

May 6 – President Eisenhower signs the Civil Rights Act of

May 6 – FDR calls Humphrey a “draft dodger.”

May 7 – LBJ re-nominated for the United States Senate.

May 7 – LBJ visits West Virginia.

May 7-9 – Socialist Labor Party Convention at New York’s
Henry Hudson Hotel—nominate Eric Hass and Georgia
Cozzini on May 9.

May 8 – Jacob Javits says there is a 50-50 chance of a
Rockefeller vice-presidential candidacy.

May 8 – In Charleston (WV) radio address JFK says
violating oath to support the Constitution would “a crime
against God”

May 9 – The Food and Drug Administration approves
sales of the first birth control pill—first country to do so.

May 10 – Kennedy defeats Humphrey in West Virginia

May 10 – Unopposed favorite son, Governor Cecil
Underwood, wins West Virginia Republican primary.

May 10 – Kennedy (unopposed) and Nixon (a write-in) win
Nebraska advisory primary.

May 11 – John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Nelson Rockefeller’s
father, dies at Tucson.

May 11 – Clennon King qualifies for ballot position in

May 12, 1960 – Youth for Goldwater announced, with a
goal of securing him the: vice-presidential nomination.

May 13 – Sinatra-John Wayne incident at Moulin Rouge.

May 13 – Harry Truman endorses Stuart Symington.

May 15 - Simulmatics Report No. 1, “Negro Voters in
Northern Cities,” issued.

May 16 – Khrushchev demands an apology from
Eisenhower re: the U-2.

May 17 – Paris Summit collapses.

May 17 – JFK defeats Morse in Maryland primary.

May 17 – L'Osservatore Romano editorial on the Church
instructing politicians.

May 19 – Southern Baptist Convention rejects a motion on
separation of Church and state.

May 19 – Stevenson, at Democratic fund-raiser in
Chicago, blasts Ike re: U-2.

May 20 – Kennedy (50.97%) defeats Wayne Morse
(31.95%), Hubert Humphrey (5.68%), Stuart Symington
(4.35%), and Lyndon Johnson (3.87%), and Adlai
Stevenson (2.76%) in Oregon primary.

May 20 – Nixon (93.06%) defeats Rockefeller (4.1%) in the
Oregon primary.

May 23 – Rockefeller calls for an open debate within the

May 24 – States Rights advocate Farris Bryant wins runoff
for Florida governorship.

May 25 – Rockefeller declares he will accept a draft.

May 25 – Harold Stassen says Nixon would carry only five
states if nominated—advocates Rockefeller, Lodge, or

May 26 – UN Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge accuses
Soviets of hiding a microphone inside a wood carving of
the Great Seal of the United States that they presented to
the U.S. embassy in Moscow.

May 28 – M. L. King acquitted by an all-white jury

May 29 – JFK confers with Stevenson at his Libertyville,
Illinois home.

May 29 – Edward R. Murrow’s "Small World" goes off CBS.

May 30 – Rockefeller and Emmet John Hughes confer at
Pocantico Hills.

May 31 – All 19 Scripps-Howard newspapers, including
New York World-Telegram & Sun, endorse LBJ.

June 2 – Sam Rayburn announces Citizens Committee for

June 4 – CBS uses videotape (instead of film) for the first
time for a documentary—on a local Westchester County

June 4 – New Mexico State Democratic Convention splits
between LBJ and JFK.

June 6 – Sammy Davis, Jr. announces engagement to
May Britt.

June 7 – Pat Brown wins California primary.

June 7 – Hubert Humphrey (unopposed) wins South
Dakota primary.

June 7 – Richard Nixon wins New York primary.

June 7 – Adam Clayton Powell threatens to support a
Republican in 1960.

June 8 – Rockefeller breakfasts with Eisenhower.

June 8 – Rockefeller issues 2,000-word “call for plain talk”
—$3.5 billion increase in defense spending.

June 9 (11?) – Rockefeller phones Eisenhower—asks if
he should reconsider.

June 9 – JFK tells Joe Rauh re: his VP: “It will be Hubert or
another Midwestern liberal.”

June 10 – Eleanor Roosevelt endorses Adlai Stevenson.

June 11 – Rockefeller phones Ike to see if he should enter
the race.

June 11 – St. Louis Post-Dispatch endorses Stevenson
as the ablest and best-fitted candidate.”

June 12 – Truman repeats his charges of Communist
involvement in civil rights movement.

June 15 – JFK on the "Jack Paar Show" with Peggy Cass
and Ann Bancroft.

June 16 – Eisenhower cancels planned three-week trip to

June 23 – JFK and Martin Luther King confer in New York

June 25 – Adam Clayton Powell claimed that "certain
Negro leaders [King] are captives of behind the scenes
[Communist] interests."

June 26 – At the 52nd annual Governors Conference,
Rockefeller refuses to sign a pledge supporting Nixon.

June 27 – William M. Brinton of Citizens for Rockefeller
flies from San Francisco to New York to persuade
Rockefeller to institute a Draft Rockefeller movement.

June (late) – JFK dangles VP nod before Humphrey.

June 27 – Kennedy addresses the Montana legislature.

June 27 – Montana state convention.

June 28 – Draft Rockefeller movement OKed—but without
official authorization.

June 29 – Brinton phones San Francisco to order setting
up of Draft Rockefeller office there.

Wednesday, June 29 – Truman announces he will not
attend Democratic Convention.

Wednesday, June 29 – Jackie Robinson meets with JFK.

Thursday, June 30 – Congo attains independence from

Thursday, June 30 – New York Post endorses a
Stevenson-Kennedy ticket.

July – Paperback edition of Robert F. Kennedy’s The
Enemy Withi
n published.

Friday, July 1 – JFK and Symington confer at JFK’s
Georgetown home.

Friday, July 1 – JFK writes to Jackie Robinson.

Friday, July 1 – Kennedy (31.43%) defeats Pat Brown
(23.04%), George H. McLain (11%), Hubert Humphrey
(10.05%), George Smathers (5.48%), and Mike DiSalle
(5.37%) in California primary.

Friday, July 1 – Adam Clayton Powell endorses
Symington, but effusively praises LBJ, slams JFK.

Friday, July 1 – Bishops James Davis and James
McManus urge Puerto Rican Catholics to support the new
Christian Action Party.

Saturday, July 2 – Truman charges Democratic
Convention is rigged for Kennedy.

Sunday, July 2 – LBJ supports Truman’s charges.

Monday, July 4 – In New York, JFK rebuts Truman’s

Monday, July 4 – India Edwards and John Connally
question JFK’s health,

Tuesday, July 5 – Bobby Kennedy denies JFK has
Addison’s disease.

Tuesday, July 5 – Johnson announces presidential

Early July – Americans for Goldwater opens headquarters
in Chicago.

Thursday, July 7 – Pennsylvania Governor David
Lawrence calls Stevenson “the best qualified man in either
party to be President.”

Thursday, July 7 – Lar Daly appears on the "Jack Paar

Friday, July 8 – Lar Daly telegraphs the FCC, demanding
22 more minutes of Jack Paar air time.

Friday, July 8 – Draft Rockefeller ads run in 29
newspapers in 21 states.

Friday, July 8 – LBJ arrives in Los Angeles.

Friday, July 8 – Senator George Smathers and Governor
Robert Meyner arrive in Los Angeles.

Saturday, July 9 – JFK arrives in Los Angeles.

Saturday, July 9 – Symington arrives in Los Angeles.

Saturday, July 9 – Stevenson arrives in Los Angeles.

Sunday, July 10 – Eisenhower phones Gabriel Hague—
suggests Nixon-Rockefeller ticket, with Nixon agreeing to
serve only one term.

Sunday, July 10 – Mayor Richard J. Daley arrives in Los

Sunday, July 10 – JFK appears on Meet the Press.

Sunday, July 10 – JFK and Symington address the
NAACP at Los Angeles’ Shrine Auditorium.

Sunday, July 10 – Illinois delegation meets at Hotel
Hayward, swings 59 ½ votes to JFK.

Sunday, July 10 – Brown “personally” endorses JFK.

Sunday, July 10 – Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in Los

Monday, July 11 – Democratic National Convention
opens in Los Angeles.

Monday, July 11 – Sammy Davis, Jr. booed singing the
National Anthem at convention.

Monday, July 11 – Eleanor Roosevelt suggests JFK take
the vice-presidency.

Monday, July 11 – Pat Brown gives up favorite son bid.

Monday, July 11 – Pennsylvania swings to Kennedy.

Monday, July 11 – Phil Graham and Joe Alsop suggest
LBJ as a running mate to JFK.

Monday, July 11 – Katanga declares independence from
the Republic of the Congo.

Monday, July 11 – JFK receives Judith Campbell at his
convention hideaway.

Tuesday, July 12 – JFK and LBJ debate before the
Texas and Massachusetts delegations.

Tuesday, July 12 – California delegation splits—30 1/3
for JFK; 31 ½ for Stevenson.

Tuesday, July 12 – Sargent Shriver approaches H. L.
Hunt regarding a JFK-LBJ ticket.

Tuesday, July 12 – Tip O’Neill (working for Sam Rayburn)
approaches JFK about a JFK-LBJ ticket.

Tuesday, July 12 – Democratic platform adopted.

Tuesday, July 12 – Johnson, Kennedy, Symington, and
Stephenson placed in nomination.

Wednesday, July 13 – Democrats nominate Kennedy on
first ballot.

Wednesday, July 13 (afternoon) – JFK phones Clark
Clifford to offer Symington the second spot.

Thursday, July 14 – Joe Alsop predicts JFK will offer LBJ
the second slot, but LBJ will refuse it.

Thursday, July 14 – Democrats nominate Johnson for

Friday, July 15 – Kennedy accepts Democratic
nomination at the Los Angeles Coliseum.

Saturday, July 16 – Henry M. “Scoop” Jackson
unanimously elected Democratic National Chairman.

July 18 – Brinton moves Draft Rockefeller headquarters
from his San Francisco law office to Chicago’s Conrad
Hilton Hotel.

July 20 – Salinger announces formation of “Citizens for
Kennedy” under Whizzer White.

July 22 – Rockefeller Press Secretary Robert L. McManus
says the platform was "still seriously lacking in strength and

July 22 – Cuba nationalizes all U.S.-owned sugar factories.

July 22-23 – Nixon Rockefeller meeting at Rockefeller’s
Fifth Avenue apartment. The “Compact of Fifth Avenue”

July 23 – Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson
announces Rockefeller would have the “best chance” of
defeating JFK.

July 23 – CIA Director Allen Dulles briefs JFK at Hyannis

Sunday, July 24 – Nixon’s mother, brothers, and
daughters arrive in Chicago.

Monday, July 25 – Nixon arrives in Chicago – 11:15 AM.

Monday, July 25 – The Republican National Convention

Monday, July 25 – Herbert Hoover and Barry Goldwater
address Republican Convention.

Monday, July 25 – Walter Judd delivers keynote address.

Monday, July 25 – Nixon confers with Herbert Hoover

Tuesday, July 26 – One million persons cheer
Eisenhower motorcade in Chicago.

Tuesday, July 26 – Eisenhower addresses Republican

Wednesday, July 27- Thomas E. Dewey addresses the
Republican National Convention.

Wednesday, July 27 – Republicans nominate Richard
Nixon—nominated by Mark O. Hatfield. GOP nominates
Henry Cabot Lodge for Vice President.

Wednesday, July 27 – NBC’s Robert W. Sarnoff extends
offer of presidential debate.

Wednesday, July 27 – Republicans nominate Henry
Cabot Lodge for vice-president—nominated by Walter
Judd, seconded by George Christopher.

Thursday, July 28 – Richard Nixon’s acceptance speech.

Friday, July 29 – Stevenson and JFK confer in Hyannis

Friday, July 29 – LBJ and JFK confer in Hyannis Port.

Saturday, July 30 – In Dallas, the Constitution Party votes
to request equal time in any broadcast debates.

August 2 – JFK announces formation of his campaign’s
civil rights section.

August 3 – Nixon begins campaign in Hawaii.

August 6 – Cuba nationalizes foreign-own property.

August 8 – Special session of Congress convenes.

August 9 – First meeting (at Waldorf-Astoria) to hammer
out debate format.

August 10 – Oceans 11 opens at New York’s Capitol

August 10 – Constitution Party of Texas names Charles
Sullivan as its presidential candidate.

August 12 – Sara Delano Roosevelt, FDR’s grand-
daughter dies, falling off a horse in the Adirondacks.

August 13 – First telephone call via satellite (Echo-1)

August 14 – Communist Party USA publishes resolution in
The Worker seemingly favoring the Democratic ticket.

August 14 – JFK meets with Eleanor Roosevelt at Hyde

August 17 – Francis Gary Powers sentenced to 10 years
in prison.

August 17 – Nixon injures left knee in Greensboro, NC.

August 17 – Bishop Bill Rogers of Fulton, MO calls for 30
million write-in votes for Bishop Homer A. Tomlinson of the
Church of God.

August 18 – Billy Graham host 18 Protestant leaders in
Montreux, Switzerland to discuss the JFK nomination.

August 19 – Socialist Workers Party nominates Farrell
Dobbs and Myra Tanner Weiss.

August 19 – George Smathers named the Assistant
Democratic National Chairman and campaign manager for
the Democratic ticket in the Southern States, plus Texas
and Oklahoma.

August 20 – JFK confers with Harry Truman at
Independence, Missouri.

August 21 – After bowling at Camp David, Nixon first feels
knee discomfort.

August 22 – NBC’s Robert Sarnoff raises possibility of
commercial sponsorship for debates.

August 24 – Ike responds “If you give me a week, I might
think of one. I don’t remember.”

August 24 – House of Representatives approves Senate
Joint Resolution 207 suspending the equal time rule
(Section 315).

August 24 – JFK meets with representatives of the Baptist
Committee on Public Affairs (BJCPA), C. Emmanuel
Carlson, and W. Barry Garrett.

August 25 – Nixon appears on the "Jack Paar Show."

August 25 - Simulmatics Report No. 2, “Kennedy Before
Labor Day” issued.

August 26 – 150,000 hear Nixon speak in Atlanta.

August 26 – Executive Board of AFL-CIO endorses

August 29 – “Dick Nixon Sports Committee” announced.

August 29 – Nixon informed by physicians his knee is
seriously infected.

August 29 – Nixon enters Walter Reed Hospital.

August 31 – JFK and Nixon agree on three, possibly four,
TV debates.

September 1 – Rockefeller visits Nixon at Walter Read.

September 2 – Brendan Behan endorses JFK.

September 2 – Nixon endorses the Equal Rights

September 2 – LBJ and Everett Dirksen visit Nixon in
Walter Reed Hospital.

September 3 – JFK campaigns in Alaska.

September 4 – Kennedy “crowd” phenomenon begins in

September 5 – Death of former Louisiana Governor Earl

September 7 – Nixon able to walk normally.

September 7 – Dr. Norman Vincent Peale issues
statement regarding a Catholic president.

September 8 – LBJ opens campaign in Boston.

September 9 – Nixon released from hospital.

September 9 – E. Frederick Morrow joins Nixon campaign.

September 12 – Nixon resumes campaign in Baltimore,
Indianapolis, Dallas, and San Francisco.

September 12 – Kennedy addresses the issue of his
Roman Catholic faith, before a Protestant group in Houston.

September 12 – CBS airs Walter Cronkite filmed
interview of Nixon, “Mr. Nixon: A Profile.”

September 13 – Nixon campaigns in San Francisco,
Vancouver, Portland, and Boise—addresses Booker T.
Washington Political Club, engine on plane gives out.

September 13 – New York’s Liberal Party endorses

September 14 – Nixon catches cold flying from Grand
Forks to Peoria.

September 14 – JFK campaigning in NYC; first visit to
Max “Dr. Feelgood” Jacobson.

September 15 – At Bradley University in Peoria, Nixon
participates in first live televised press conference.

September 15 – Nixon speech in St. Louis; Nixon running
a 103 degree fever.

September 17 – Cuba nationalizes U.S. banks.

September 17 – JFK forgets wedding anniversary.

September 18 – The Americans for Democratic Action
(ADA) endorses Kennedy.

September 19 – CBS airs Walter Cronkite filmed
interview with JFK, “Mr. Kennedy: A Profile.”

September 19 – The CIA's Allen Dulles again briefs JFK.

September 20 – Charles Collingwood interviews JFK on

September 20 – Texas Democratic state convention in

September 20 – Nixon press conference in Scranton, PA.

September 21 – Nixon’s last public press conference
(Springfield, MO)

September 23 – Florida KKK Grand Dragon Bill Hendrix
endorses Orval Faubus.

September 22 – Lodge suffers broken index finger in

September 22 – Former Secretary of State James F.
Byrnes endorses Nixon.

September 23 – Martin Luther King receives $25 fine for
traffic violations—plus twelve months probation, provided
King “shall not violate any Federal or State penal statutes
or municipal ordinances.”

September 23 – Rival Florida KKK Grand Dragon W. L.
Griffin endorses Richard Nixon.

September 24 – Former Texas Governor Allan Shivers
endorses Nixon.

September 24 – JFK arrives in Chicago (from Salt Lake
City) for first debate.

September 25 – JFK makes brief trip to Cleveland, returns
to Chicago.

September 25 – Nixon arrives in Chicago (from
Washington) for first debate.

September 26 – Nixon (morning) and JFK (afternoon)
address the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.

September 26 – First Kennedy-Nixon Debate in Chicago,
Howard K. Smith moderator

September 26 – Castro addresses United Nations for 4 ½

September 26 - Beverly Hills Nixon for President Club,
Celebrities Committee for Nixon-Lodge, Entertainment
Industry for Nixon Lodge, and Women’s Motorcade for
Nixon-Lodge open joint headquarters in Beverly Hills.

September 27 – Ike and British PM Harold Macmillan
confer at the Waldorf-Astoria.

September 28 – Sunrise at Campobello premieres at
New York’s Palace Theater.

September 28 – Elvira Carlson Doud, Ike’s mother-in-law,
dies in Denver.

September 28 – May Britt’s marriage to actor Eddie
Gregson formally dissolves.

September 29 – U.S. advises American dependents to
leave Cuba.

September 30 – Chet Huntley and David Brinkley interview
JFK at Hyannis Port.

October 1 – JFK’s last day of rest, spent in Hyannis.

October 1 – Frank McGee’s “The Campaign and the
Candidates” airs Chet Huntley’s question to JFK re:
Quemoy and Matsu.

October 1 – In Los Angeles, Henry Cabot lodge botches
attempt to tape TV show.

October 3 – Macmillan publishes Arthur Schlesinger’s
Kennedy or Nixon: Does It Make Any Difference? (51
pages, $1.95)

October 3 – Substitute foreign policy panel discussion
featuring Henry Cabot lodge airs on CBS.

October 4 – Nixon and Jackie Robinson booed at Newark

October 5 – Nixon appears at Rockefeller Center rally.

October 7 – Second Kennedy-Nixon debate—in
Washington, DC.

October 9 – Nixon confides American Cuba policy to the
Chicago Tribune's Willard Edwards (Billings. MT)

October 11-12 – National Conference on Constitutional
Rights held in New York City under chairmanship of Hubert

October 11 – Harry Truman says any Democrat who votes
for Nixon can “go to hell.”

October 12 – Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev disrupts a
U.N. General Assembly session by pounding his shoe on
his desk.

October 12 – In East Harlem, Henry Cabot Lodge pledges
Nixon will appoint a black to the Cabinet.

October 13 – All 19 Scripps-Howard newspapers,
including the
New York World-Telegram & Sun, endorse

October 13 – American Anthony Zarba executed in Cuba.

October 13 – Third Kennedy-Nixon debate—Nixon in Los
Angeles; JFK in New York.

October 14 – Kennedy at University of Michigan (Ann
Arbor) first publicly proposes idea of Peace Corps.

October 14 – Khrushchev leaves the United States.

October 16 – Two more Americans executed in Cuba.

October 16 – Original date set for Sammy Davis-May Britt

October 18 – LBJ writes John Connally, worried about
losing Texas.

October 19 – Martin Luther King arrested at Atlanta
department store sit-in.

October 19 – Joe Kennedy phones Arthur Krock to refute
reports that a JFK administration would be inflationary and
favoring “total racial integration.”

October 19 – Nixon, JFK, and Rockefeller appear at Alfred
E. Smith Dinner.

October 19 – Archibald Cox writes to Richard Goodwin re:
Nixon and Cuba; Goodwin begins to draft Kennedy white
paper on Cuba.

October 20 – US recalls its ambassador to Cuba;
imposes embargo on that nation.

October 20 – Al Smith’s daughter endorses Nixon.

October 20 – JFK issues position paper on Cuba, urging
direct intervention, blasting Ike.

October 21 – Nixon requests Ike’s help. (Manchester, p.

October 21 – Fourth Kennedy-Nixon debate—in New York.

October 22 – Lady Bird Johnson’s father dies.

October 22 – John V. Lindsey and William Vanden Huevel
debate on local NYC TV and radio.

October 23 – Nixon challenges JFK to a fifth debate, solely
on Cuba.

October 24 – Jackie Robinson predicts the next
president—whether JFK or Nixon—will have a Negro in the

October 25 – DeKalb County Judge J. Oscar Mitchell
sentences King to four months at hard labor for parole

October 25 – Cuba nationalizes all remaining US

October 27 – Justice Department says Pearson charges
regarding Nixon loan are baseless.

October 27 – Plot to derail Nixon campaign train
discovered near Fort Wayne, Indiana.

October 27 – Hecklers toss eggs at Nixon at Muskegon

October 28 – Ike’s 30-minute TV address from
Philadelphia reaches highest audience of the campaign of
any paid program.

October 29-November 1 – The Freedom Crusade
Committee distributes 2 million copies of “The Case of
Martin Luther King” to black voters.

October 30 – Donald Nixon confirms loan from Howard

October 30 – The Chicago Tribune endorses Nixon.

October 30 – Eric Hass, Socialist Labor Party candidate,
refuses to participate in a CBS-TV debate with the
Vegetarian and Beat party candidates.

October 31 – Nixon meets with Ike in White House to
discuss increasing Ike’s increased role in campaign.

October 31 – Free World Press publishes Victor Lasky’s
John F. Kennedy: What’s Behind the Image?

Wednesday November 2 – Henry Fonda interviews
Jackie and Caroline Kennedy on paid TV ad.

Wednesday, November 2 – Nixon addresses rally at NYC’
s Coliseum.

Friday, November 4 – Marilyn Monroe’s last film, The
, premiers.

Friday, November 4 – The FCC rejects Lar Daly’s
request for 22 additional minutes on the "Jack Paar Show."

Friday, November 4 – LBJ and Lady Bird mobbed by
Republicans at Dallas hotel.

Friday, November 4 – A crowd of a million-and-a-half
persons greets JFK in Chicago. Police arrest two persons
for carrying loaded weapons.

Friday, November 4 – Nixon floats idea of ex-presidents
tour of Eastern Europe past Ike; Ike responds negatively.

Friday, November 4 – In Syracuse, John Roosevelt raises
issue of JFK’s Addison’s Disease.

Saturday, November 5 – Nixon addresses rally at LA’s
Pan Pacific Auditoreum.

Saturday, November 5 – Norma Jean Rojas fatally stabs
her husband in an argument over whether to watch JFK on
TV. She preferred Lawrence Welk.

Sunday, November 6 – Nixon runs 32-page ad
supplements in Sunday newspapers.

Sunday, November 6 – Nixon proposes Truman-Hoover
East European goodwill tour.

Sunday, November 6 – Truman rejects Eisenhower-Nixon
plan for Eastern European tour.

Sunday, November 6 – Nixon visits Alaska, completes
50-state campaign pledge.

Sunday, November 6 – Nixon pre-empts CBS’s "GE
Theater" for a 30-minute appeal to voters.

Sunday, November 6 – The Associated Press calls Nixon’
s psychotherapist Dr. Arnold Hutschnecker, inquiring if
Nixon is in “good health.”

Sunday, November 6 – Gallup Poll announces 49% for
Kennedy, 48% for Nixon and 3% undecided.

Monday, November 7 – Postal authorities in San Diego
discover a bomb mailed to Nixon.

Monday, November 7 – Roper Poll calls it 49%-47% for

Monday, November 7 – Four-hour (2-6 P.M.) Nixon
telethon on ABC-TV-with Ginger Rogers, Lloyd Nolan, and
Robert Young.

Monday, November – JFK appears on ABC-TV from 6:
00-6:30 P.M.

Monday, November 7 – Thomas E. Dewey rebuts JFK on
ABC-TV from 6:00-6:45 P.M.

Monday, November 7 – In Detroit, Tricia and Julie Nixon
make only appearance on campaign trail.

Monday, November 7 – Nixon, in Chicago, does last
national TV.

Tuesday, November 8 – Dixville Notch, NH votes 9-0 for

Tuesday, November 8 – Kennedy elected president.

November 13 – Sammy Davis and May Britt marry.

November 17 – Hawaii audit gives state’s three electoral
votes to Nixon by 117 popular votes.

December 16 - Kennedy pulls ahead of Nixon in Hawaii by
21 votes.

December 27 - Judge Ronald Jamieson declared that
Kennedy had won Hawaii by 115 votes.

1960 Epilog
1960 Presidential Campaign Buttons
Lyndon Johnson/John F. Kennedy/Richard M. Nixon
Kennedy-Johnson Button (1960)
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