From the Award-Winning Author of 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents
Three years after the end of the second world war, the drums are beating for a third. Civil
liberties are being destroyed. Millions cry out for relief from unbearably high prices. The
American way of life is in danger.

The root cause of this crisis is Big Business control of our economy and government.
With toil and enterprise the American people have created from their rich resources the world's
greatest productive machine. This machine no longer belongs to the people. Its ownership is
concentrated in the hands of a few and its product used for their enrichment.
Never before have so few owned so much at the expense of so many.

Ten years ago Franklin Delano Roosevelt warned: "The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the
people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their
democratic state. That, in its essence, is fascism."

Today that private power has constituted itself an invisible government which pulls the strings of
its puppet Republican and Democratic parties. Two sets of candidates compete for votes
under the outworn emblems of the old parties. But both represent a single program—a
program of monopoly profits through war preparations, lower living standards, and
suppression of dissent.

For generations the common man of America has resisted this concentration of economic and
political power in the hands of a few. The great¬est of America's political leaders have led the
people into battle against the money power, the railroads, the trusts, the economic royalists.
We of the Progressive Party are the present-day descendants of these people's movements
and fighting leaders. We are the political heirs of Jefferson, Jackson and Lincoln — of
Frederick Douglass, Altgeld and Debs—of "Fighting Bob" LaFolIette, George Norris, and
Franklin Roosevelt.

Throughout our history new parties have arisen when the old parties have betrayed the people.
As Jefferson headed a new party to defeat the reactionaries of his day, and as Lincoln led a
new party to victory over the slave-owners, so today the people, inspired and led by Henry
Wallace, have created a new party to secure peace, freedom, and abundance.
With the firm conviction that the principles of the Declaration of Independence and of the
Constitution of the United States set forth all fundamental freedoms for all people and secure
the safety and well being of our country, the Progressive Party pledges itself to safeguard these
principles to the American people.

betrayal by the old parties
The American people want peace. But the old parties, obedient to the dictates of monopoly
and the military, prepare for war in the name of peace.

They refuse to negotiate a settlement of differences with the Soviet Union.

They reject the United Nations as an instrument for promoting world peace and reconstruction.
They use the Marshall Plan to rebuild Nazi Germany as a war base and to subjugate the
economies of other European countries to American Big Business.

They finance and arm corrupt, fascist governments in China, Greece, Turkey, and elsewhere,
through the Truman Doctrine, wasting billions in American resources and squandering
America's heritage as the enemy of despotism.

They encircle the globe with military bases which other peoples cannot but view as threats to
their freedom and security.

They protect the war-making industrial and financial barons of Nazi Germany and imperial
Japan, and restore them to power.

They stockpile atomic bombs.

They pass legislation to admit displaced per¬sons, discriminating against Catholics, Jews, and
other victims of Hitler.

They impose a peacetime draft and move toward Universal Military Training.

They fill policy-making positions in government with generals and Wall Street bankers.

Peace cannot be won—but profits can—by spending ever-increasing billions of the people's
money in war preparations.

Yet these are the policies of the two old parties—policies profaning the name of peace.

The American people cherish freedom.

But the old parties, acting for the forces of special privilege, conspire to destroy traditional
American freedoms.

They deny the Negro people the rights of citizenship. They impose a universal policy of Jim
Crow and enforce it with every weapon of terror. They refuse to outlaw its most bestial
expression—the crime of lynching.

They refuse to abolish the poll tax, and year after year they deny the right to vote to Negroes
and millions of white people in the South.

They aim to reduce nationality groups to a position of social, economic, and political inferiority.

They connive to bar the .Progressive Party from the ballot.

They move to outlaw the Communist Party as a decisive step in their assault on the democratic
rights of labor, of national, racial, and political minorities, and of all those who oppose their
drive to war. In this they repeat the history of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Franco Spain.

They support the House Committee on Un-American Activities in its vilification and
persecution of citizens in total disregard of the Bill of Rights.

They build the Federal Bureau of Investigation into a political police with secret dossiers on
millions of Americans.

They seek to regiment the thinking of the American people and to suppress political dissent.

They strive to enact such measures as the Mundt-Nixon Bill which are as destructive of
democracy as were the Alien and Sedition Laws against which Jefferson fought.

They concoct a spurious "loyalty" program to create an atmosphere of fear and hysteria in
government and industry.

They shackle American labor with the Taft-Hartley Act at the express command of Big
Business, while encouraging exorbitant profits through uncontrolled inflation.

They restore the labor injunction as a weapon for breaking strikes and smashing unions.

This is the record of the two old parties—a record profaning the American ideal of freedom.
The American people want abundance.

But the old parties refuse to enact effective price and rent controls, making the people victims
of a disastrous inflation which dissipates the savings of millions of families and depresses their
living standards.

They ignore the housing problem, although more than half the nation's families, including millions
of veterans, are homeless or living in rural and urban slums.

They refuse social security protection to millions and allow only meagre benefits to the rest.

They block national health legislation even though millions of men, women, and children are
without adequate medical care.

They foster the concentration of private economic power.

They replace progressive government officials, the supporters of Franklin Roosevelt, with
spokes¬men of Big Business.

They pass tax legislation for the greedy, giving only insignificant reductions to the needy.

These are the acts of the old parties—acts profaning the American dream of abundance.

No glittering party platforms or election promises of the Democratic and Republican parties
can hide their betrayal of the needs of the American people.

Nor can they act otherwise. For both parties, as the record of the 80th Congress makes clear,
are the champions of Big Business.

The Republican platform admits it.

The Democratic platform attempts to conceal it.

But the very composition of the Democratic leadership exposes the demogogy of its platform.
It is a party of machine politicians and Southern Bourbons who veto in Congress the liberal
planks "won" in convention.

Such platforms, conceived in hypocrisy and lack of principle, deserve nothing but contempt.

PRINCIPLES OF THE PROGRESSIVE PARTY
The Progressive Party is born in the deep conviction that the national wealth and natural
resources of our country belong to the people who inhabit it and must be employed in their
behalf; that freedom and opportunity must be secured equally to all; that the brotherhood of
man can be achieved and scourge of war ended.

The Progressive Party holds that basic to the organization of world peace is a return to the
purpose of Franklin Roosevelt to seek areas of international agreement rather than
disagreement. It was his conviction that within the framework of the United Nations different
social and economic systems can and must live together. If peace is to be achieved capitalist
United States and communist Russia must establish good relations and work together.

The Progressive Party holds that it is the first duty of a just government to secure for all the
people, regardless of race, creed, color, sex, national background, political belief, or station in
life, the inalienable rights proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence and guaranteed by the
Bill of Rights. The government must actively protect these rights against the encroachments of
public and private agencies.

The Progressive Party holds that a just government must use its powers to promote an
abundant life for its people. This is the basic idea of Franklin Roosevelt's Economic Bill of
Rights. Heretofore every attempt to give effect to this principle has failed because Big Business
dominates the key sectors of the economy. Anti-trust laws and government regulation cannot
break this domination. Therefore the people, through their democratically elected
representatives, must take control of the main levers of the economic system. Public ownership
of these levers will enable the people to plan the use of their productive re¬sources so as to
develop the limitless potential of modern technology and to create a true American-
Commonwealth free from poverty and insecurity.

The Progressive Party believes that only through peaceful understanding can the world make
progress toward reconstruction and higher standards of living; that peace is the essential
condition for safe-guarding and extending our traditional freedoms; that only by preserving
liberty and by planning an abundant life for all can we eliminate the sources of world conflict.
Peace, freedom, and abundance—the goals of the Progressive Party—are indivisible.
Only the Progressive Party can destroy the power of private monopoly and restore the
government to the American people. For ours is a party uncorrupted by privilege, committed
to no special interests, free from machine control, and open to all Americans of all races,
colors, and creeds.

The Progressive Party is a party of action. We seek through the democratic process and
through day-by-day activity to lead the American people toward the fulfillment of these
principles.

We ask support for the following program:

PEACE
American-Soviet Agreement
Henry Wallace in his open letter suggested, and Premier Stalin in his reply accepted, a basis for
sincere peace discussions. The exchange showed that specific areas of agreement can be found
if the principles of non-interference in the internal affairs of other nations and acceptance of the
right of peoples to choose their own form of government and economic system are mutually
respected.

The Progressive Party therefore demands negotiation and discussion with the Soviet Union to
find areas of agreement to win the peace.

The Progressive Party believes that enduring peace among the peoples of the world community
is possible only through world law. Continued anarchy among nations in the atomic age
threat¬ens our civilization and humanity itself with annihilation. The only ultimate alternative to
war is the abandonment of the principle of the coercion of sovereignties by sovereignties and
the adoption of the principle of the just enforcement upon individuals of world federal law,
enacted by a world federal legislature with limited but adequate powers to safeguard the
common defense and the general welfare of all mankind.

Such a structure of peace through government can be evolved by making of the United Nations
an effective agency of cooperation among nations. This can be done by restoring the unity of
the Great Powers as they work together for common purposes. Since the death of Franklin
Roosevelt, this principle has been betrayed to a degree which not only paralyzes the United
Nations but threatens the world with another war in which there can be no victors and few
survivors.

Beyond an effective United Nations lies the further possibility of genuine world government.
Responsibility for ending the tragic prospect of war is a joint responsibility of the Soviet Union
and the United States. We hope for more political liberty and economic democracy throughout
the world. We believe that war between East and West will mean fascism and death for all.

We insist that peace is the prerequisite of survival.

We believe with Henry Wallace that "there is no misunderstanding or difficulty between the
USA and USSR which can be settled by force or fear and there is no difference which cannot
be settled by peaceful, hopeful negotiation. There is no American principle of public interest,
and there is no Russian principle of public interest, which would have to be sacrificed to end
the cold war and open up the Century of Peace which the Century of the Common Man
demands."

We denounce anti-Soviet hysteria as a mask for monopoly, militarism, and reaction. We
demand that a new leadership of the peace-seeking people of our nation—which has vastly
greater responsibility for peace than Russia because it has vastly greater power for war—
undertake in good faith and carry to an honorable conclusion, without appeasement or sabre-
rattling on either side, a determined effort to settle current controversies and enable men and
women everywhere to look forward with confidence to the common task of building a creative
and lasting peace for all the world.

End the Drive to War
The Progressive Party calls for the repeal of the peacetime draft and the rejection of Universal
Military Training.

We call for the immediate cessation of the piling up of armament expenditures beyond
reasonable peacetime requirements for national defense.

We demand the repudiation of the Truman Doctrine and an end to military and economic
intervention in support of reactionary and fascist regimes in China, Greece, Turkey, the Middle
East, and Latin America, We demand that the United States completely sever diplomatic and
economic relations with Franco Spain.

We call for the abandonment of military bases designed to encircle and intimidate other nations.

We demand the repeal of the provisions of the National Security Act which are mobilizing the
nation for war, preparing a labor draft, and organizing a monopoly-militarist dictatorship.

These measures will express the American people's determination to avoid provocation and
aggression. They will be our contribution to the reduction of mistrust and the creation of a
general atmosphere in which peace can be established.

United Nations
The Progressive Party will work to realize Franklin Roosevelt's ideal of the United Nations as a
world family of nations, by defending its Charter and seeking to prevent its transformation into
the diplomatic or military instrument of any one power or group of powers.

We call for the establishment of a United Nations Reconstruction and Development Fund to
promote international recovery by providing assistance to the needy nations of Europe, Africa
and Asia, without political conditions and with priori¬ties to those peoples that suffered most
from Axis aggression.

We call for the repudiation of the Marshall Plan.

We urge the full use of the Economic and Social Council and other agencies of the United
Nations to wipe out disease and starvation, to promote the development of culture and
science, and to develop the peaceful application of atomic energy.

We demand that the United States delegation to the United Nations stop protecting fascist
Spain and press for effective economic and diplomatic sanctions against Franco's dictatorship.

Disarmament
The Progressive Party will work through the United Nations for a world disarmament
agreement to outlaw the atomic bomb, bacteriological warfare, and all other instruments of
mass destruction; to destroy existing stockpiles of atomic bombs and to establish United
Nations controls, including inspection, over the production of atomic energy; and to reduce
conventional armaments drastically in accordance with resolutions already passed by the
United Nations General Assembly.

Germany and Japan
The Progressive Party calls for cooperation with our wartime allies to conclude peace treaties
promptly with a unified Germany and with Japan. The essentials for a German settlement are
denazification and democratization, punishment of war criminals, land reform, decartelization,
nationalization of heavy industry, Big-Four control of the Ruhr, reparations to the victims of
Nazi aggression, and definitive recognition of the Oder-Neisse line as the Western boundary of
Poland. On this basis, we advocate the speedy conclusion of a peace treaty and a simultaneous
withdrawal of all occupation troops.

Similar principles should govern a settlement with Japan.

State of Israel
The Progressive Party demands the immediate de jure recognition of the State of Israel. We
call for admission of Israel to the United Nations.

We call for a Presidential proclamation lifting the arms embargo in favor of the State of Israel.
We pledge our support for and call upon the Government of the United States to safeguard the
sovereignty, autonomy, political independence, and territorial integrity of the State of Israel in
accordance with the boundaries laid down by the Resolution of the General Assembly of the
United Nations of November 29, 1947.

We support the prompt extension to Israel of generous financial assistance without political
conditions.

We oppose any attempt to interfere with Israel in its sovereign right to control its own
immigration policy.

We call upon the United States Government to provide immediate shipping and other facilities
for the transportation of Jewish displaced persons in Europe who desire to emigrate to Israel.
We support, within the framework of the United Nations, the internationalization of Jerusalem
and the protection of the Holy Places.

We appeal to the Arab workers, farmers and small merchants to accept the United Nations
decision for a Jewish and Arab state as being in their best interest. We urge them not to permit
themselves to be used as tools in a war against Israel on behalf of British and American
monopolies, for the latter are the enemies of both Arabs and Jews.

The Far East
The Progressive Party supports the struggle of the peoples of Asia to achieve independence
and to move from feudalism into the modern era. We condemn the bipartisan policy of military
and economic intervention to crush these people's movements. World peace and prosperity
cannot be attained unless the people of China, Indonesia, Indo-China, Malaya and Asian lands
win their struggle for independence and take their place as equals in the family of nations.

We call for the immediate withdrawal of American troops and abandonment of bases in

China.
We demand cessation of financial and military aid to the Chiang Kai-shek dictatorship.
We follow the policy of Franklin Roosevelt in encouraging the creation of a democratic
coalition government in China. We urge support for and the granting of large scale economic
assistance to such a government.

We support the efforts of the people of Korea to establish national unity and the kind of
government they desire. We demand an early joint withdrawal of occupation troops.
Colonial and Dependent Peoples

We believe that people everywhere in the world have the right to self-determination. The
people of Puerto Rico have the right to independence. The people of the United States have an
obligation toward the people of Puerto Rico to see that they are started on the road toward
economic security and prosperity.

We demand the repeal of the Bell Trade Act relating to the Philippines and the abrogation of
other unequal trade treaties with economically weaker peoples.

We urge action by the people of the United States and cooperation with other countries in the
United Nations to abolish the colonial system in all its forms and to realize the principle of self-
determination for the peoples of Africa, Asia, the West Indies, and other colonial areas.

We support the aspirations for unified home¬lands, of traditionally oppressed and dispersed
people such as the Irish and Armenians.

Latin America
The Progressive Party urges a return to, and the strengthening of Franklin Roosevelt's good-
neighbor policy in our relations with republics to the South.

We demand the abandonment of the inter-American military program.

We call for economic assistance without political conditions to further the independent
economic development of the Latin American and Caribbean countries.

Displaced Persons
The Progressive Party calls for the repeal of the anti-Catholic, anti-semitic Displaced Persons
Act of 1948 which permits the entry into the United States of fascists and collaborators. We
call for the enactment of legislation to open our doors in the true American tradition to the
victims of fascist persecution.

FREEDOM

End Discrimination
The Progressive Party condemns segregation and discrimination in all its forms and in all places.

We demand full equality for the Negro people, the Jewish people, Spanish-speaking
Americans, Italian Americans, Japanese Americans, and all Other nationality groups.

We call for a Presidential proclamation ending segregation and all forms of discrimination in the
armed services and Federal employment.

We demand Federal anti-lynch, anti-discrimination, and fair-employment-practices legislation,
and legislation abolishing segregation in interstate travel.

We call for immediate passage of anti-poll tax legislation, enactment of a universal suffrage law
to permit all citizens to vote in Federal elections, and the full use of Federal enforcement
powers to assure free exercise of the right to franchise.

We call for a Civil Rights Act for the District of Columbia to eliminate racial segregation and
discrimination in the nation's capital.

We demand the ending of segregation and discrimination in the Panama Canal Zone and all
territories, possessions and trusteeships.

We demand that Indians, the earliest Americans, be given full citizenship rights without loss of
reservation rights and be permitted to administer their own affairs.

We will develop special programs to raise the low standards of health, housing, and
educational facilities for Negroes, Indians and nationality groups, and will deny Federal funds
to any state or local authority which withholds opportunities or benefits for reasons of race,
creed, color, sex or national origin.

We will initiate a Federal program of education, in cooperation with state, local, and private
agencies to combat racial and religious prejudice.

We support the enactment of legislation making it a Federal crime to disseminate anti-Semitic,
anti-Negro, and all racist propaganda by mail, radio, motion picture or other means of
communication.

We call for a Constitutional amendment which will effectively prohibit every form of
discrimination against women—economic, educational, legal, and political.

We pledge to respect the freedom of conscience of sincere conscientious objectors to war.
We demand amnesty for conscientious objectors imprisoned in World War II.

The Right of Political Association and Expression
The Progressive Party will fight for the constitutional rights of Communists and all other political
groups to express their views as the first line in the defense of the liberties of a democratic
people.

We oppose the use of violence or intimidation, under cover of law or otherwise, by any
individual or group, including the violence and intimidation now being committed by those who
are attempting to suppress political dissent.

We pledge an all-out fight against the Mundt-Nixon Bill and all similar legislation designed to
impose thought control, restrict freedom of opinion, and establish a police state in America.

We demand the abolition of the House Un-American Activities Committee and similar State
Committees, and we mean to right the wrongs which these committees have perpetrated upon
thousands of loyal Americans working for the realization of democratic ideals.

We pledge to eliminate the current "Loyalty" purge program and to reestablish standards for
government service that respect the rights of Federal employees to freedom of association and
opinion and to engage in political activity.

We demand the full right of teachers and students to participate freely and fully in the social,
civic and political life of the nation and of the local community.

We demand that the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other Government agencies desist
from investigating, or interfering with, the political beliefs and lawful activities of Americans.

We demand an end to the present practices of Congressional Committees—such as the House
Labor Committee—in persecuting trade unionists and political leaders at the behest of Big
Business.

We demand an end to the present campaign of deportation against foreign-born trade unionists
and political leaders, and will actively protect the civil rights of naturalized citizens and the
foreign born.

Nationality Groups
The Progressive Party recognizes the varied contributions of all nationality groups to American
cultural, economic, and social life, and considers them a source of strength for the democratic
development of our country.

We advocate the right of the foreign born to obtain citizenship without discrimination.

We advocate the repeal of discriminatory immigration laws based upon race, national origin,
religion, or political belief.

We recognize the just claims of the Japanese Americans for indemnity for the losses suffered
during their wartime internment, which was an outrageous violation of our fundamental
concepts of justice.

We support legislation facilitating naturalization of Filipinos, Koreans, Japanese, Chinese, and
other national groups now discriminated against by law.

We support legislation facilitating naturalization of merchant seamen with a record of war
service.

Democracy in the Armed Forces
The Progressive Party demands abolition of Jim Crow in the armed forces.

We demand abolition of social inequalities be¬tween officers and enlisted personnel.

We call for basic revision in the procedure of military justice, including the more adequate
participation of enlisted men in courts-martial.

We urge that admission to West Point and Annapolis be based on the candidates'
qualifications, determined by open competitive examinations, and that an increasing percentage
of young men admitted be drawn from the ranks.

Representative Government
The Progressive Party proposes a constitutional amendment providing for the direct election of
the President and Vice President by popular vote.

We call for Home Rule and the granting of full suffrage to the disfranchised citizens of the
District of Columbia.

We favor the immediate admission of Hawaii and Alaska as the 49th and 50th states of the
Union.

We urge that all general and primary election days be declared holidays to enable all citizens to
vote.

Separation of Church and State
The Progressive Party intends to maintain the traditional American separation of church and
state and protect the freedom of secular education.

ABUNDANCE

High Cost of Living
The living standards of the American people are under bipartisan attack through uncontrolled
inflation. The only effective method of combating inflation is to take the profits out of inflation.
The Progressive Party calls for legislation which will impose controls that will reduce and keep
down the prices of food, shelter, clothing, other essentials of life, and basic materials. Such
controls should squeeze out excessive profits, provide for the payment of subsidies to farmers
wherever necessary to maintain fair agricultural prices, and allocate materials and goods in
short supply.

We call for removal by the President of the Housing Expediter who is administering rent
control in the interests of the real estate lobby.

We call for strengthening rent control, providing protection against evictions, and eliminating the
present "hardship" regulations which are a bonanza for the large realty interests.

Economic Planning
The Progressive Party believes in the principle of democratic economic planning and rejects the
boom-and-bust philosophy of the old parties.

We mean to establish a Council of Economic Planning to develop plans for assuring high
production, full employment, and a rising standard of living.

We mean to develop, on the TVA pattern, regional planning authorities in the major river-
valleys the country over to achieve cheap power, rural electrification, soil conservation, flood
control and reforestation, and to accelerate the growth of undeveloped areas, particularly in the
South and West.

We mean to promote, through public ownership and long-range planning, the peaceful use of
atomic energy to realize its great potential as a source of power and as a tool in science,
medicine, and technology.

Only through the planned development of all our resources will the full benefit of the nation's
wealth and productivity be secured for the people.

Breaking the Grip of Monopoly
Monopoly's grip on the economy must be broken if democracy is to survive and economic
planning become possible. Experience has shown that anti-trust laws and government
regulation are not by themselves sufficient to halt the growth of monopoly. The only solution is
public ownership of key areas of the economy.

The Progressive Party will initiate such measures of public ownership as may be necessary to
put into the hands of the people's representatives the levers of control essential to the operation
of an economy of abundance. As a first step, the largest banks, the railroads, the merchant
marine, the electric power and gas industry, and industries primarily dependent on government
funds or government purchases such as the aircraft, the synthetic rubber and synthetic oil
industries must be placed under public ownership.

We mean to strengthen and vigorously enforce the anti-trust laws to curb monopoly in the rest
of the economy.

We call for the immediate abolition of discriminatory freight rates, which help to keep the South
and West in bondage to Wall Street.

Tideland oil resources belong to the people, and we fight the efforts of the oil companies to
steal them. We support Federal control of such resources.

We demand the repeal of the Bulwinkle law which exempts railroads from anti-trust
prosecution.

We call for the repeal of the Miller-Tydings legislation which eliminated retail competition in
branded goods, excluding these from the coverage of the Anti-trust laws.

Labor
The Progressive Party recognizes that from the earliest period of its history the organized labor
movement has taken leadership in the struggle for democratic and humanitarian objectives.
Organized labor remains the mainspring of America's democratic striving, and the just needs of
labor are of special concern to the Progressive Party.

We hold that every American who works for a living has an inalienable right to an income
sufficient to provide him and his family with a high standard of living. Unless the rights of labor
to organize, to bargain collectively, and to strike are secure, a rising standard of living cannot
be realized.

We demand the immediate repeal of the Tart-Hartley Act and the reinstatement of the
principles of the Wagner and Norris-LaGuardia acts. These last measures are essential to
restore labor's equality in collective bargaining and to prevent business from using government
to establish a dictatorship over labor by injunction.

We will demand the right for employees in publicly owned industries to organize, to bargain
collectively, and to strike.

We call for the establishment of collective bar¬gaining machinery for Federal employees.

We support the legitimate demands of all wage and salary earners, including Federal
employees, for wage and salary increases and improved working conditions. We demand the
enactment of a minimum wage of $1 an hour, extension of the Fair Labor Standards Act to
cover all workers, enforcement of equal pay for equal work regard¬less of age or sex, and the
elimination of any regional wage differential.

We oppose governmental strike-breaking through seizure of struck industries under the pretext
of Federal operation, while profits continue to go to private employers.

We urge the enactment and stringent enforcement of Federal and State laws establishing
adequate safety and health standards for miners, longshoremen, railroad workers, merchant
sea¬men, and all other workers in hazardous industries.

We pledge drastic amendment of the Railway Labor Act to make certain that the railroad
workers enjoy genuine collective bargaining and the right to strike. We call for amendment of
the Railroad Retirement Act to grant railroad workers pensions of $100 minimum after 30
years' service or when they become 60 years old.

We call for Federal legislation to improve rail¬road working conditions by establishing a 40-
hour, 5-day week for non-operating and terminal employees, and a six-hour day for roadmen,
and train limit and full crew provisions.

We actively support measures to repair and improve the living standards of the 12 million white
collar and professional employees, who have suffered particularly under the inflation.

We call for an end to the second-class citizen¬ship of our nation's two and a half million
agricultural wage workers, and the thousands of food-processing workers who are excluded
from the protection of social and labor legislation. We stand for legislation to protect the right
of agricultural workers to bargain collectively. We call for extension of social security and fair
labor standards coverage to all agricultural and food-processing workers.

We demand an immediate end to the arbitrary security orders issued by the Department of
National Defense which blacklist employees in private industries under government contracts.

Agriculture
The Progressive Party recognizes that the welfare of farmers is closely tied to the living
standards of consumers. We reject the "eat-less" policy of the old parties and proclaim our
intention to develop within the framework of an economy of planned abundance, a long-range
program of full agricultural production, combined with necessary safeguards for the security of
farmers and for the conservation of our natural resources.

We stand for the family-type farm as the basic unit of American agriculture. The Farmer's
Home Administration, (formerly. Farm Security Administration) must be expanded to provide
ample low-cost credit to assist tenants, sharecroppers, and returned veterans to become farm-
owners. Marginal farmers must be assisted to become efficient producers. Where farming is
incapable of yielding an adequate family income, supplementary employment on needed
conservation and public works projects must be provided.

We propose as a major goal of Federal farm programs that all farm families be enabled to earn
an income of not less than $3000 a year. We repudiate the program of Big Business which
would eliminate as many as two-thirds of the nation's farmers.

We call for a 5-year program of price-supports for all major crops at not less than 90 percent
of parity—parity to be calculated according to an up-to-date formula. Dairy products and
certain specialties should be supported at higher rates than 90 percent.

We demand that all essential crops be insured against hazards which are beyond the control of
the individual farmer.

We support the principle of direct payments to farmers for soil conservation practices, crop
adjustment, and rodent control.

We favor the principle of compensating payments and production subsidies when needed to
encourage a high level of consumption without jeopardizing farm income. We also call for
assistance to low-income consumers through such pro¬grams as the food stamp plan and the
school hot-lunch program.

We favor international commodity agreements and a World Food Board under the United
Nations Food and Agriculture Organization to stabilize world markets and to move farm
surpluses to deficient areas.

We call for a long-range national land policy designed to discourage the growth of corporation
farms and absentee ownership. This policy is especially important in the South to promote the
proper development of its resources and to provide land for the landless. Priority in the
purchase of land made available by river-valley projects must be given to tenants,
sharecroppers, and small farmers.

We regard it as of utmost importance that programs of conservation, production, marketing,
and price-support be administered by democratically-elected farmer committeemen, as in the
TripIe-A program.

We stand for the principle of a graduated land tax and for the 160-acre limitation in the use of
public irrigation.

We support farmer and consumer cooperatives as a highly important answer to the problem of
monopoly control over markets and supplies.

We oppose the tax drive being staged by Big Business against cooperatives.

We favor immediate flood control projects and universal electrification of all farms. REA lines
and generating facilities should be rapidly expanded, and river-valley projects for power and
irrigation should be undertaken as promptly as possible.

Independent Business
The Progressive Party believes that independent businessmen can survive only in an economy
free from monopoly domination, where workers and farmers receive incomes sufficient to
permit them to purchase the goods they need.

We propose to encourage and safeguard independent business by providing adequate working
capital and development loans at low interest rates, granting tax relief, and giving independent
and small business a fair share of government con¬tracts. We propose to make available to
independent business, through an expanded government research program, the know-how
essential to efficient operation.

Housing
The Progressive Party charges that private enterprise, under monopoly control, has failed to
house the American people. It is the responsibility of democratic government to guarantee the
right of every family to a decent home at a price it can afford to pay.

We demand a Federal emergency housing pro¬gram to build within the next two years four
million low-rent and low-cost dwellings for home¬less and doubled-up families, with priority to
veterans.

We recognize that to accomplish this objective it will be necessary to curb non-essential
construction, to allocate scarce materials, and to re¬duce the cost of land, money, and building
materials.

We pledge an attack on the chronic housing shortage and the slums through a long-range
pro¬gram to build 25 million new homes during the next ten years. This program will include
public subsidized housing for low-income families.

We pledge that as a part of our genera] pro¬gram of economic planning the building industry
will be reorganized and rationalized, capacity to produce presently scarce materials will be
expanded, and year-round employment will be guaranteed to workers in the building trades.
Government—Federal, state and local—has the responsibility to insure that communities are
well-planned, with homes conveniently located near places of employment and with adequate
provision for health, education, recreation, and culture.

We pledge the abolition of discrimination and segregation in housing.

Security and Health
The Progressive Party demands the extension of social security protection to every man,
woman and child in the United States.

We recognize the service which the Townsend Plan has performed in bringing to national
attention the tragic plight of the senior citizens of America, and we condemn the bipartisan
conspiracy in Congress over the past ten years against providing adequate old-age pensions.

We pledge our active support for a national old-age pension of $100 a month to all persons at
60 years of age, based on right and not on a pauperizing need basis.
We call for a Federal program of adequate disability and sickness benefits and increased
unemployment benefits, protecting all workers and their standards of living.

We call for maternity benefits for working mothers for thirteen weeks, including the period
before and after childbirth, and the granting of children's allowances to families with children
under 18.

We favor adequate public assistance for all persons in need, with Federal grants-in-aid
proportionate to the needs and financial ability of the states, pending the enactment of a
comprehensive Federal Social Security program.

We support the right of every American to good health through a national system of health
insurance, giving freedom of choice to patient and practitioner, and providing adequate medical
and dental care for all.

We favor the expenditure of Federal funds in support of an effective program for public health
and preventive medicine and a program of dental care.

We favor the expenditure of Federal funds for the promotion of medical and dental education
and research.

We look forward to the eventual transfer of the entire cost of the security and health program
to the government as an essential public service.

Women
The Progressive Party proposes to secure the rights of women and children and to guarantee
the security of the American family as a happy and democratic unit and as the mainstay of our
nation.

We propose to raise women to first-class citizens by removing all restrictions—social,
economic, and political—without jeopardizing the existing protective legislation vital to women
as mothers or future mothers.

We propose to extend fair labor standards for women, to guarantee them healthful working
conditions, equal job security with men, and their jobs back after the birth of children.

We propose to guarantee medical care for mother and child prior to, during and after birth,
through a national system of health insurance.

We propose a program of Federal assistance for the establishment of day care centers for all
children.

Young People
The Progressive Party believes young people are the nation's most valuable asset; their full
potentialities can be realized only by implement¬ing our complete program for peace, freedom
and abundance. We challenge the failure of the old parties to meet the special problems of
youth. We call for the right to vote at eighteen. We call for the enforcement and extension of
child labor laws.

We call for Federal and state expenditures for recreational facilities, particularly in needy rural
communities.

Veterans
The Progressive Party recognizes the veterans' special sacrifices and contributions in the
nation's most critical period.

We demand priority for veterans in obtaining homes.

We call for a Federal bonus to veterans based on length of service.

We demand the expansion of the Veterans Administration program and increased G. I.
benefits and allowances and the elimination of discrimination.

We demand that the coverage of the GI Bill of Rights and other servicemen's benefits be
extended to war widows and to merchant seamen with war service.

We call for the prompt refund of the over¬charges collected from veterans by National Service
Life Insurance.

We demand that the government enforce the right of Negro veterans in the South to file
terminal leave applications and to collect their benefits.

We call for increased benefits for disabled veterans and a program to guarantee them jobs at
decent wages.

Taxation
The Progressive Party demands the overhaul of the tax structure according to the democratic
principle of ability to pay. We propose to employ taxation as a flexible instrument to promote
full employment and economic stability.

We propose to exempt from personal income taxes all families and individuals whose income
falls below the minimum required for a decent standard of living. We propose that income from
capital gains, be taxed at the same graduated rate as ordinary income.

We propose to enact effective excess profits and undistributed profits taxation.

We propose to curb tax-dodging by closing existing loopholes.

We propose to work towards the progressive elimination of Federal excise taxes on the basic
necessities of life.

We oppose all state and local sales taxes.

We propose to close existing loopholes in estate and gift taxes and establish an integrated
system of estate and gift taxation.

Education
The Progressive Party proposes to guarantee, free from segregation and discrimination, the
in¬alienable right to a good education to every man, woman, and child in America. Essential to
good education are the recognized principles of academic freedom—in particular, the principle
of free inquiry into and discussion of controversial issues by teachers and students.

We call for the establishment of an integrated Federal grant-in-aid program to build new
schools, libraries, raise teachers' and librarians' salaries, improve primary and secondary
schools, and assist municipalities and states to establish free colleges.

We call for a system of Federal scholarships, fellowships, and cost-of-living grants, free from
limitations or quotas based on race, creed, color, sex or national origin, in order to enable all
those with necessary qualifications but without adequate means of support to obtain higher
education in institutions of their own choice.

We call for a national program of adult education in cooperation with state and local authorities.

We oppose segregation in education and sup¬port legal action on behalf of Negro students
and other minorities aimed at securing their admission to state-supported graduate and
professional schools which now exclude them by law.

We call for a Department of Education with a Secretary of Cabinet rank.

Culture
The Progressive Party recognizes culture as a potentially powerful force in the moral and
spiritual life of a people and through the people, in the growth of democracy and the
preservation of peace, and realizes that the culture of a democracy must, like its government,
be of, by, and for the people.

We pledge ourselves to establish a department of government that shall be known as the
Department of Culture, whose function shall be the pro¬motion of all the arts as an expression
of the spirit of the American people, and toward the enrichment of the people's lives, to make
the arts available to all.

Promotion of Science
The Progressive Party calls for the enactment of legislation to promote science, including
human and social sciences, so that scientific knowledge may be enlarged and used for the
benefit of all people.

We condemn the militarization of science and the imposition of military control over scientific
expression and communication.

We support measures for public control of patents and licensing provisions to insure that new
inventions will be used for the benefit of the people.

The Progressive Party has taken root as the party of the common man. It has arisen in
response to, and draws growing strength from, the demand of millions of men and women for
the simple democratic right to vote for candidates and a program which satisfy their needs. It
gives voters a real choice.

Purposeful and deeply meant, the program of the Progressive Party carries forward the policies
of Franklin Roosevelt and the aspirations of Wendell Willkie and holds forth the promise of a
reborn democracy ready to play its part in one world. The American people want such a
program. They will support it.

Under the leadership of Henry A. Wallace and Glen H. Taylor, a great new people's
movement is on the march. Under the guidance of Divine Providence, the Progressive Party,
with strong and active faith, moves forward to peace, freedom and abundance.